AXONOPUS AFFINIS PDF

Chemistry On a zero moisture basis 4-week cut Malaysia Germplasm Reported from the Middle American Center of Diversity, carpetgrass or cvs thereof is reported to tolerate heavy soil, low pH, poor soil, and sand. According to Bogdan , A. Widely distributed now in cut-over timber areas and the like.

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The terminal inflorescence, with two rows of alternating spikelets, is also a distinguishing feature. It has often been introduced deliberately, for use as a lawn grass, but it is now classed as a weed in at least nine countries Holm et al. It has a similar growth habit and inflorescence but may be distinguished by its glabrous nodes hairy in A. Prevention and Control Top of page Due to the variable regulations around de registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control.

Cultural Control and Preventative Methods It is important to exclude dung as a fertilizer supplement in nurseries where crop plants are raised because the seeds of A.

The weed should also be controlled before it sets seed. The traditional hoe is used to control A. Rooted stolons can be quite tenacious and some force is needed to dislodge clumps of the weed from the soil.

Because of the ability of the stolons to re-root, care is needed to remove and dispose of the hoed material to prevent re-infestation. The tajak, a triangular plate or hoe with a long handle, is still used to dislodge the weed from peat, in which pineapple is mainly grown Wee and Ng, Chemical Control It is inadvisable to eliminate A.

Circles of young crop plants are often sprayed with herbicides to reduce infestation by A. Hashim and Teoh identified eight cost-effective chemical treatments for the control of A. In banana, diuron pre-emergence gave effective control of the weed at high rates Paresh and Misra, In pineapple, sensitivity to most of the post-emergence herbicides such as paraquat, glyphosate, dalapon, 2,4-D amine, MSMA and sodium chlorate resulted in their exclusion, but simazine or diuron can be used as pre-emergence herbicides, to be sprayed on clean-weeded soil.

Intensive grazing causes the weed to disappear Jjong and Hung, Cattle graze on A. The feasibility of using sheep instead of chemicals has been investigated by Velayuthan and Lim Mechanical Control A. Although weekly mowing is only practised by a minority of farmers, it has the advantage of maintaining a green mat on the soil. Hand-held rotary mowers are carried by operators on hill slopes; many annual weeds without subterranean rhizomes or tubers can be controlled in this way.

Integrated Weed Management The trend is towards integrated management so that agriculture is sustained with minimal side-effects on the agro-ecosystem. However, it is purposely retained in the inter-rows to control soil erosion and form a covering mat against weed infestation. In rubber and oil palm plantations, A.

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Axonopus fissifolius

The terminal inflorescence, with two rows of alternating spikelets, is also a distinguishing feature. It has often been introduced deliberately, for use as a lawn grass, but it is now classed as a weed in at least nine countries Holm et al. It has a similar growth habit and inflorescence but may be distinguished by its glabrous nodes hairy in A. Prevention and Control Top of page Due to the variable regulations around de registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Cultural Control and Preventative Methods It is important to exclude dung as a fertilizer supplement in nurseries where crop plants are raised because the seeds of A. The weed should also be controlled before it sets seed. The traditional hoe is used to control A.

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Scientific name

It forms dense mats that are cm high but the flowering culms may reach cm. The general habit is erect and branching. The stems root at the nodes FAO, ; Cook et al. The leaves are cm long and mm broad, flat or folded, glabrous or sparsely hairy on the lower face. The slender inflorescences bear spike-like racemes, which are cm long.

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