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Tweet "From the One Light, the entire universe welled up. So who is good, and who is bad? He emphasized the equality and fraternity of all mankind. Once Bhagat Kabir Ji was going to sell cloth he had made himself. He met some Sadhus a renunciate spiritual devotee on the way whom he gave the entire cloth free of cost. Saint Kabir Das kabir, Arabic for "great", dasa, Sanskrit for "slave" or "servant" , is widely acknowledged as one of the great personality of the Bhakti movement in North India.

He was as is widely acknowledged born in Year A. Some have even called him the preceptor of Guru Nanak There is, however, ample evidence to prove that Guru Nanak and Kabir had ever met their periods of time in fact do not coincide. They were inclucled in the Guru Granth Sahib as well But this happened much later when Guru Arjan, fifth in spiritual line from the Founder, compiled the Holy Book Besides his own works and those of his four predecessors, he entered in it hymns of some saints and mystics, both Hindu and Muslim, Kabir was one of them.

Kabir lived in the fifteenth Century after Christ, which was a time of great political upheaval in India. It is not clear whether he ever married, but tradition gives him a wife named Loi and two children. On the basis of modern research, it seems probable that Kabir belonged to a family of non-celibate yogis converted, not long before and to a considerable degree superficially to Islam. From the writings of Kabir it seems that his knowledge of Islam was slight, rather in his poetical utterances Bani a wealth of Hathayoga terminology and a thought structure which bears obvious resemblance to Nath Yogis.

Nath Yogis in addition to the yogic conception that all truth is experimental, i. Bhakti movement was started by hindu saints while Sufi mysticism by Muslim saints in medieval India Kabir immensely contributed to the Bhakti Movement and is considered a pioneer of Bhakti along with Ravidas, Farid, and Namdev. His concept of love as a path of suffering may possibly indicate, in some measure, a debt to the Sufis. These and other elements from Nath tradition, bhakti and sufism, kabir combined with his own mystical nature and produced synthesis which is the distinctive religion of Kabir.

Tradition tells us that Swami Ramanand was his Guru a teacher. In fifteenth century, Benaras was the seat of Brahmin orthodoxy and their learning center. Brahmins had strong hold on all the spheres of life in this city. Thus Kabir belonging to a low caste of Julaha had to go through immense tough time of preaching his idealogy. Kabir and his followers would gather at one place in the city and meditate. Brahmins ridiculed him for preaching to prostitutes and other low castes. Kabir satirically denounced Brahmins and thus won hearts of people around him.

There is no doubt that single most famous important person from the city of Benaras today is none other than Saint Kabir.

Kabir through his couplets not only reformed the mindset of common villagers and low caste people but give them self confidence to question Brahmins. It was years after him that Tulsidas broke the hegemony of Brahmins by writing Ram Charitra Manas, a poem of Ramayana at Benaras which went against the tradition of Brahmins. Kabir was in fact first person to go against Brahmins and be so successfull.

Benaras was devasted by an attack by a Muslim invader Tamur Lang or "Tamur the lame" during his time. Kabir also denounced mullahs and their rituals of bowing towards kaba five times a day. Because of open condemnation of established and popular religoins, Kabir became an object of the wrath of both Hindus and Muslims in and around Benaras.

Kabir travelled in and around Benaras to preach his beliefs. The Kabirpanthis follow a lite of singing the praises of God, prayers and a simple and pure life of devotion. He virtually suggests withdrawal from the world. He is against al1 ritualistic and ascetic methods as means to salvation.

It is true that Kabir refers to some yogic terms in describing the meditational and mystic methods of the yogis. But, there is no ground to suggest that he himself recommends the yogic path.

In fact, far from recommending yoga, he is quite strong in condemning ascetic or yogic methods, and says that yogis, in their meditations, become prey to maya. The point will, however be considered further while comparing Radical bhakti with Nathism.

Love them is given honour whose body and soul speak the truth. When thc wealth of contentment is won, all other wealth is as dust. Kabir suggests inward worship and remembrance of God.

For him, true worship is only inwards. Put on the rosary inward. By counting beads, the world will be full of light. He clearly suggests moral discrimination betwecn good and bad deeds. What can the helpless road do, when the traveller does not walk understandingly. Discern ye now between good and evil. It was the authority of Vedas and Quran that more then the authority of Brahmin or Qazi which Kabir attacked.

He rebelled against the pretension of resolving by the means of books or by way of authority, the mystery of human conditions and the problem of liberation Moksha. He spent his last 40 days living in a place where it was believed that if you die you will born as a Donkey in next life. Kabir is a firm advocate of ahimsa. His doctrine extends even to the nondestruction of flowers. It is blood haunting you and those who taught you.

If you regard yourself a saint, whom will you call a butcher? Among the fifty commandments laid down for the followers of Kabir, vegetarianism is one of them. For Kabir, moral life involves adherence to ahimsa. Kabir composed no systematic treatise, rather his work consists of many short didactic poems, often expressed in terse vigorous language in the form of Padas, Dohas, and Ramainis forms of poetry in Indian languages.

Besides his work recorded in A. In his poems, he was quick to tell the illustrations of moral and spiritual truth in the incidents of everyday life , and many of his similes and metaphors are very striking. Bhagat Kabir ji is ranked 5th as regards the volume of Bani contributed to SGGS ji, and from the 15 bhagats, he contributed the maximum number of hymns.

His total contribution is hymns set to 18 different musical measures Ragas. Kabir has been accepted as the most revolutionary of all the saints of the Bhagati movement. This advice impressed him so much that he propogated this throughout is life, awakening masses from their daily slumber of ignorance and uniting them with the Lord.

This story seems to have been conocted by Pandits who often generally claim that scholars are born in their so-called high caste only. SGGS ji does not support these claims. As he came of age, he was married to a God-fearing maiden named Loi. She was the daughter of Neti, a noble-hearted weaver. Kabir and Loi had one son; Kamala and one daughter; Kamali. Kabir was attracted to Hinduism in his younger days.

His couplets and slokas impress upon man to become a good human being and treat all other as his equal. They are very effective in leading a person on the path of righteousness.

According to Kabir, all human beings are Divine in essence. Thus, they are all equal. None of them is either good or bad. The same Divine spirit is manifested in all of them, and all that happens here is under His will. Whoever dies, let him die such a death, that he does not have to die again. He criticises casteism, idolatary and empty ritualism. He had an undying urge to transform a person into a being who is noble and pious spiritually, socially and morally.

To achieve his mission, Kabir openly denounced the false superstitions, rituals and practtices, in all religions, that had no relevance with the upliftment of human soul with the help of convincing examples. He says that had it been so, the sheep would have attained liberation several times in its life, since it undergoes the same ritual so often. How is it that I am formed of blood, and you are made of milk?

In a hymn he states; If a Muslim becomes deserving of heaven because of the sunnat circumcision : what about their women folk? According to a reference in S. On this, Kabir satirises the Brahmins and says that if the water of the Ganga fails to keep the bowl pure, how can it purify our souls from all evils? The Brahmins have no answer to it. Kabir ji was a dauntless mouthpiece of truth. Consequently at the time when Sikander Lodhi arrived in his town, Kabir had to suffer many a humliation at his hands because of the instigations given to him against Kabir, by the heads of both sects.

But Kabir did not waiver, and bore all tortures and humiliations with calmness, accepting all these as His will. However, Kabir remained firm in his views. He has referred to this incident in his hymn included in the Scripture under Gaund measure.

Many attempts were made to torture Kabir to the point of submisson, but Kabir ji was headstrong and took these tortures as His will. Ultimately, Sikander Lodhi was impressed by his personality, and out of respect to his wisdom and old age, acquitted him. The followers of Kabir have come to be known as Kabir panthis. They have their principle centre at Kashi. However, slokas of Kabir that find a place in SGGS ji are considered important because of their genuineness.

Kabir ever strived to cultivate in mankind the feelings of love, compassion and co-operation with others. The hymns composed by Kabir ji, even during the last years of his life when he was well over years old, reflect his revolutionary spirit.


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