INDO SARACENIC ARCHITECTURE PDF

Early 20th-century. Structures built in Indo-Saracenic style in India and in certain nearby countries were predominantly grand public edifices, such as clock towers and courthouses. Additionally, more often seen are the diminutive renditions of the Indo-Saracenic style, built originally for lesser budgets, finding their nonetheless romantic expression in the occasional and serenely beautiful garden pavilion outbuildings, throughout the world, especially, in India and England. Main articles: Indo-Islamic architecture and British architecture Confluence of different architectural styles had been attempted before during the mainly Turkic , Delhi Sultanate and Mughal periods.

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Early 20th-century. Structures built in Indo-Saracenic style in India and in certain nearby countries were predominantly grand public edifices, such as clock towers and courthouses. Additionally, more often seen are the diminutive renditions of the Indo-Saracenic style, built originally for lesser budgets, finding their nonetheless romantic expression in the occasional and serenely beautiful garden pavilion outbuildings, throughout the world, especially, in India and England.

Main articles: Indo-Islamic architecture and British architecture Confluence of different architectural styles had been attempted before during the mainly Turkic , Delhi Sultanate and Mughal periods. Turkic and Mughal incursions in the Indian subcontinent, introduced new concepts in the much more advanced high architecture of India. The prevailing style of architecture was trabeate , employing pillars, beams and lintels , with less emphasis on arches and domes used during earlier Buddhist periods.

Motifs such as chhajja A sunshade or eave laid on cantilever brackets fixed into and projecting from the walls , corbel brackets with richly carved pendentive decorations described as stalactite pendentives , balconies, kiosks or chhatris and minars tall towers were characteristic of the Indian imitated Mughal architecture style, which was to become a lasting legacy of the nearly four hundred years of the Mughal presence in these areas.

This style was an imitation of elite Indian style incorporating Timurid and Persian elements brought over by the tribes from central asia. Shah Jahan was succeeded by his son, Aurangzeb , who had little interest in art and architecture. As a result, Mughal commissioned architecture suffered, with most engineers, architects and artisans migrating to work under the patronage of local rulers.

By the early 19th century, the British had made themselves the virtual masters of the Indian Subcontinent. In , their control was further strengthened with a major defeat of the Marathas under Daulatrao Scindia. They legitimized their rule by taking the then weak Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam II under their protection, and ruling through him. However, their power was yet again challenged when in , the Indian soldiers in their employ, together with rebellious princes led by Queen Laxmibai, lashed out in open revolt, which came to be known as the Revolt of However, this uprising was doomed from the start, and was crushed by the British with ferocity, marking the end of the nominal Mughal Empire , which had survived earlier under the patronage and protection of the great Maratha Empire.

At first, the new British regime sought to destroy symbols of Imperial Indian power, systematically destroying a number of Maratha Empire forts and palaces.

There was even a proposal to demolish the Taj Mahal and sell the materials. Over the following decades, attitudes changed and the British established the Archaeological Survey of India in and restored several important monuments. To usher in a new era, the British "Raj", a new architectural tradition was sought, marrying the existing styles of India with imported styles from the West, such as Gothic with its sub styles of French Gothic, Venetian-Moorish etc. This produced a number of buildings with mixed influences.

The building of New Delhi as the new imperial capital, which mostly took place between and , led by Sir Edwin Lutyens , brought the last flowering of the style, using a deeper understanding of Indian architecture. This can be seen in the capitals of the columns and the screen around the drum below the main dome, drawing on the railings placed round ancient stupas. Despite having relatively little relationship to existing architectural styles, the Indo-Saracenic style was officially introduced to the Federated Malay States in British Malaya present day Peninsular Malaysia by British engineers and architects who have worked in British India prior.

During the design of government offices for the Selangor state government in Kuala Lumpur in the late 19th century, C.

Spooner , then State Engineer of the Public Works Department, favoured a " Mahometan style" over a neoclassical one to reflect Islamic mores in the region, instructing architect A. Norman , with further assistance by R.

Bidwell , to redesign the building. Upon completion in , the government offices now known as the Sultan Abdul Samad Building , which would later house the administration of the Federated Malay States and the various post-independence governmental departments, became the one of the earliest examples of Indo-Saracenic architecture in Malaya. Arthur Benison Hubback would later become the leading architect in the style in the Federated Malay States between the s and s, during which the style experienced its peak in popularity.

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Indo-Saracenic Architecture

It is the official residence and seat of the Wodeyars — the Maharajas of Mysore, the former royal family of Mysore, who ruled the princely state of Mysore from to The palace houses two durbar halls and incorporates a mesmerizing and gigantic array of courtyards, gardens, and buildings. The palace is in the central region of inner Mysore, facing the Chamundi Hills eastward. Mysore is commonly described as the City of Palaces. There are about seven palaces inclusive of this; however, Mysore Palace refers specifically to the one within the Old Fort. Built by the Maharaja Rajarshi His It is situated in the neighbourhood of Chepauk in Chennai, India and is constructed in the Indo-Saracenic style of architecture.

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Further information: Pandyan art and architecture After the close of the Sangam age, the first Pandyan empire was established by Kadungon in the 6th century by defeating the Kalabhras, The empire ruled AD 6th — 10th centuriy. Rock cut and structural temples are significant part of pandyan architecture. The Vimana and mandapa are some of the features of the early Pandyan temples. The Shiva temples have a Nandi bull sculpture in front of the maha mandapa.

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