ILLERUP ADAL PDF

The anoxic conditions of the mud or peat at the bottom of the lakes or bogs preserved many of such sacrificed artifacts in good, or excellent condition. Among the offerings at Illerup are also items belonging to the personal equipment of members of the defeated army. Combs made from reindeer and moose bones together with the finds of Roman coins could indicate that the army originated from northern Scandinavia and was on its way home from plunder or auxiliary service in the Roman Empire when it met its fate at Illerup. Bogs are known to preserve bog bodies and bog butter but no human bodies are known to accompany the weapon sacrifices. The main Illerup deposition, besides weapons, includes gold, silver, spear shafts, shield boards, ropes, cords, leather, textiles tools, wooden vessels, spoons, beads, four horses and a cow. The shield bosses are taken, in the book, [3] to represent three levels of hierarchy in the small army.

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The anoxic conditions of the mud or peat at the bottom of the lakes or bogs preserved many of such sacrificed artifacts in good, or excellent condition. Among the offerings at Illerup are also items belonging to the personal equipment of members of the defeated army. Combs made from reindeer and moose bones together with the finds of Roman coins could indicate that the army originated from northern Scandinavia and was on its way home from plunder or auxiliary service in the Roman Empire when it met its fate at Illerup.

Bogs are known to preserve bog bodies and bog butter but no human bodies are known to accompany the weapon sacrifices. The main Illerup deposition, besides weapons, includes gold, silver, spear shafts, shield boards, ropes, cords, leather, textiles tools, wooden vessels, spoons, beads, four horses and a cow. The shield bosses are taken, in the book, [3] to represent three levels of hierarchy in the small army.

The ordinary soldiers were represented by iron bosses. The next level up had 30 bronze bosses and six bronze or iron bosses with gilded pressed foil.

Above these, there were 5—6 silver shield bosses. Other sites[ edit ] A good number of deposit sites were in use for many centuries, with remains from several different sacrificial events, and they often includes many other types of offerings, such as animals, humans, boats, jewellery and food.

The weapon sacrifices from the Roman Iron Age times usually dates from the period — AD, but earlier ones from the pre-Roman Iron Age are also known, such as the Hjortspring boat offering form around BC, where more than 50 shields, 11 single-edged swords and spearheads accompanied the boat. The surviving boats were sunk in the lakes though other boats are known simply from clumps of burnt rivets.

The Illerup deposit is known to have had at least three sacrificial events in the period around AD. The bogs and lakes used appear to be surrounded by cultivated fields. Roman Iron Age weapon deposits in Scandinavia allow for some changes in Germanic warfare to be monitored, e. From grave finds of arrow heads, bows were significant war weapons in the Germanic area from about AD. South of Denmark these are typically leaf shaped. In Denmark they are thinner and designed to penetrate the rings of mail armour.

Besides keeping the shields dry, experiments show the shields much more resistant to splitting and penetration by arrows. A number have been recovered. Two of the more decorative from Nydam , one from the third century [11] and one from the fifth [12] had fur lining on the inside.

We can reasonably speculate that this fur was oily and designed to keep the blade absolutely free from rust. Copenhagen: Nationalmuseet.

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Illerup Ådal

Some of the excavated weapons axes can be glimpsed in the exhibition case on the right. The area was subsequently excavated from till and again in During the excavations more than 15, items, mainly Iron Age weapons and personal equipment from AD, were found. It is generally agreed that the findings are enemy equipment captured after victories, and then thrown into the lake, as a votive offering to the gods. Archeological excavations also produced some findings bearing the elder futhark runic inscriptions from the earliest period.

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