Taxonomic notes Syn: Cupressus whitleyana Carr. Vidakovic Description A evergreen tree 45 m tall, with a dbh of 90 cm. Crown large oval to broadly conical. Bark thick, grey brown or brown, peeling off in longitudinal strips.
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Taxonomic notes Syn: Cupressus whitleyana Carr. Vidakovic Description A evergreen tree 45 m tall, with a dbh of 90 cm. Crown large oval to broadly conical. Bark thick, grey brown or brown, peeling off in longitudinal strips. Branches slender, drooping, with thin, whip-like tips. Branchlets cylindrical, nearly quadrangular, branching in whorls.
Shoots in a single plane. Leaves scale-like, closely appressed, obtuse, dark green, often with a small dorsal furrow. Male cone subglobular, mm long. Female cones globose or elliptic, grouped on very short stalks, mm across, green or purple when young, later turning dark brown, composed of 10 scales, with a small central depression and a small, triangular, reflexed mucro.
Seeds to each scale, red-brown. Cones appear in February-March, seed matures in May-June. Distribution and Ecology W. Himalaya at m on limestone substrates; China: W Sichuan, in arid areas at m Vidakovic ; and Vietnam, where restricted to a narrow area of the Central Region and the North at elevations of m in Lang Son and Tuyen Quang.
Also planted in Kon Tum and Lam Dong. It is a shade intolerant species, thriving in tropical and subtropical rainforests, where it prefers calcareous substrates.
It occurs naturally as a dominant in mixed stands with Markhamia stipulata and Burretiodendron hsienmu, sometimes forming pure stands on mountain slopes and summits.
It is rather slow-growing, and natural regeneration is very limited. Hardy to Zone 8 cold hardiness limit between As an endangered species; it needs protection in its remaining natural distribution area in Lang Son and Tuyen Quang provinces, and plantations should be established to preserve the gene resource for further development of this species FIPI Cupressus lusitanica seedlings have been extensively planted in Cupressus torulosa habitat by Indian forestry departments.
The taxa hybridize, with the result that pure C. I have not seen any data for specimens in their native range. Oldest Dendrochronology Ethnobotany It is a prime timber with straight grain and fine texture, resistant to termites and insects. Used for cabinetwork, office furniture, fine art articles. Also used in construction and railway carriage-making. The wood is aromatic, especially the root-wood, and an essential oil extracted from these parts is used in medicine to cure inflammatory wounds, or as an antiseptic, and is also used for cosmetics FIPI It serves as an ornamental in Yugoslavia Vidakovic , and presumably elsewhere in the West.
Observations Vladimir Dinets E-mail, Near the trailhead are some Pinus gerardiana , Juniperus semiglobosa and Cupressus torulosa. Remarks Dinets, Vladimir. Ramadan in Pakistan. Don in Lambert. Pinus This series of volumes, privately printed, provides some of the most engaging descriptions of conifers ever published. Although they only treat species cultivated in the U.
Despite being over a century old, they are generally accurate, and are illustrated with some remarkable photographs and lithographs. Farjon provides a detailed account, with illustrations.
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The plant is burnt as an incense[51, ]. The leaves are used. Wood - moderately hard, very durable. Used for general construction[51, 61, , ].
Species See text Cupressus is one of several genera within the family Cupressaceae that have the common name cypress; for the others, see cypress. It is considered a polyphyletic group. Based on genetic and morphological analysis, the genus Cupressus is found in the subfamily Cupressoideae. As with other conifers , extensive cultivation has led to a wide variety of forms, sizes and colours, that are grown in parks and gardens throughout the world. Many of the species are adapted to forest fires, holding their seeds for many years in closed cones until the parent trees are killed by a fire; the seeds are then released to colonise the bare, burnt ground. In other species, the cones open at maturity to release the seeds.