However following the decline of the company the area was left largely abandoned. A SAAB factory was founded in the s, however this was soon closed down. Therefore the expo was moved to the Western Harbour and delayed by a year. Ecological sustainability[ edit ] Bo01s strong environmental profile is evident in many of the districts features. Solar cells and solar thermal collectors are present on many of the buildings, other renewable electricity is provided by the districts own wind turbine Boel situated in Norra Hamnen.
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Pedestrian boardwalks, quays and linear parks provide a varied perimeter to the waterfront and residents have access to boat moorings in the summer. This traditional city structure has then been combined with a new architectural style that responds to its specific waterside context, promotes the best of contemporary sustainability technology and follows modern architectural principles, maximising light and views of the water and green spaces and using glass as a core material.
The scale of development varies from four to five storeys along Sickla canal and 6 to 8 storeys along the main corridors. The spine of the new district is a The ground floors of nearly all the buildings along this stretch have been designed as flexible spaces, suitable for commerce, leisure or community use.
Additional opportunities for commercial uses are also provided through the intermittent placing of two-storey pavilions along the Sickla canal. The residential districts adjacent to the main spine follow a grid structure with a semi-open block form, which allows for maximum light and views as well as providing open access to the courtyards of residential blocks.
Most apartments have balconies, which provide overlooking onto the streets, waterfront walkways and open spaces. A network of varied parks, green spaces and walkways runs through the district. Where possible, the natural landscape has been preserved and has provided inspiration for the development. The original reeds and rushes remain along the waterfront, in between which secluded walkways out into the water have been built. Birch trees create the landscape for a beautiful waterfront park and rocky oak-woodland defines the edge of the district.
The area is easily accessible by public transport and the creation of new road and tram infrastructure has been central to the development.
Three new bus routes and one night bus also serve the area. The ferry takes five minutes to cross the lake, and runs every 10 to 15 minutes from early in the morning until midnight. Bicycles can be taken on board. Finally, residents have access to a car-pool in the area. There are between 20 to 25 cars in the pool and residents have joined the scheme to date. Community provision in the area includes a modern glass church building, two state schools years , one private school, one pre-school and nursery, one GP practice, a library, a sports centre, a ski-slope, a football pitch and a basketball court.
Its original name was Malmhaug with alternate spellings , meaning "Gravel pile" or "Ore Hill". In , a new citadel was constructed at the beach south of the town. However, owing to the wars of Charles XII of Sweden reigned — and to bubonic plague epidemics, the population dropped to 1, by The population did not grow much until the modern harbor was constructed in The city started to expand and the population in was 4, The population had swiftly increased to , by and to , by All three Scandinavian Kings on the same balcony.
Bo01, Malmö, Sweden
Bo01 is now a paragon of sustainable development, offering a multitude of dwellings for over inhabitants with further growth expected in the coming years. The development is now powered entirely by renewable energy and even waste is dealt with in an innovative way — garbage and recycling are placed in above ground shoots and sucked underground to the edge of the neighbourhood where it is picked up by garbage trucks. The vacuum garbage disposal system then takes the separated food waste off for composting and bio-gas. The most interesting things about the development are the wide variety of public spaces available to residents and city dwellers alike. One of the goals of the development was that every resident be able to see water from their home, so canals, ponds and water features were integrated into central public spaces that connect the various developments. The complex was also designed to mimic a medieval town plan, with meandering paths connecting different areas and leading to the waterfront on the west side.
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