BARTONELOSIS PDF

Synonyms: shinbone fever, five-day fever, Wolhynia fever, quintana fever, His-Werner disease Epidemiology It is caused by B. Urban trench fever is now seen in alcoholics and the homeless. Poor sanitation and lack of personal hygiene strongly correlate with transmission by the body louse Pediculus humanus. Presentation Fever develops after an incubation period of a few days to a month. Usually, several episodes of fever develop and each episode lasts about five days. Other symptoms include joint, bone and muscle pain, headache, dizziness and pain behind the eyes.

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Vectors of Bartonella infections include fleas, body lice, and sand flies. The disease occurs most frequently in children under Some evidence suggests that CSD may be spread directly to people by the bite of infected cat fleas, although this has not been proven. CSD occurs worldwide, wherever cats live. Stray cats may be more likely than pets to carry Bartonella. Ticks may carry some species of Bartonella bacteria, but there is currently no causal evidence that ticks can transmit Bartonella infection to people through their bites.

Trench fever, Bartonella quintana Trench fever is transmitted by the human body louse. Because of its association with body louse infestations, trench fever is most commonly associated with homelessness or areas of high population density and poor sanitation.

Trench fever occurs worldwide. Most cases are reported in Peru. A few cases of Oroya fever and verruga peruana Peruvian warts have been reported in travelers who returned from the Andean highlands in South America, but the risk is low. Much is still unknown about which animals may be a part of the natural cycle of this disease. Page last reviewed: March 5,

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Bartonellosis

Vectors of Bartonella infections include fleas, body lice, and sand flies. The disease occurs most frequently in children under Some evidence suggests that CSD may be spread directly to people by the bite of infected cat fleas, although this has not been proven. CSD occurs worldwide, wherever cats live. Stray cats may be more likely than pets to carry Bartonella. Ticks may carry some species of Bartonella bacteria, but there is currently no causal evidence that ticks can transmit Bartonella infection to people through their bites. Trench fever, Bartonella quintana Trench fever is transmitted by the human body louse.

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