Biography[ edit ] A statue of Athanasius in Catania , Sicily. Athanasius was born to a Christian family in the city of Alexandria  or possibly the nearby Nile Delta town of Damanhur sometime between the years and The earlier date is sometimes assigned due to the maturity revealed in his two earliest treatises Contra Gentes Against the Heathens and De Incarnatione On the Incarnation , which were admittedly written about the year before Arianism had begun to make itself felt, as those writings do not show an awareness of Arianism. Secondly, the Festal Epistles state that the Arians had accused Athanasius, among other charges, of not having yet attained the canonical age 30 and thus could not have been properly ordained as Patriarch of Alexandria in The accusation must have seemed plausible. Historical evidence, however, indicates that he was fluent in Coptic as well given the regions of Egypt where he preached.
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Kazibei Athanasius was residing in the precincts of the church of St. The faithful gathered around him weeping. He himself like earlier Alexandrians, Routh, Rell.
In truth, that crafty one did not escape detection; but, for all his many writhings to and fro, like the serpent, he did but fall into the error of the Pharisees. At his death they were made guar- dians of his two sons, whose names, as another document tells us 2were Aizan and Sazan. One sentence, in c. Frumentius continued undisturbed ; see Le Quien, Or. The reception was gracious: Again, there was the open division at Antioch: Everything at Tabcnne was prescribed by rule ; the twelve prayers and psalms for midnight, for day-time, for even- ing, — the afternoon service in the church, — the Eucharist on Sunday and Saturday, — the addresses, meditations, confessions, penances, times of silence and of work, of eating and of sleep- ing, followed each other with absolute uniformity.
A few faithful men, such as Eusebius of Vercellae, Lucifer of Caliaris, Dionysius of Milan, after a momentary weakness, and Maximus of Naples, who was suffering at the time from illness, alone refused to condemn Athanasius 2 ; and in standing out against the incurable tyrannousness of Csesarism, as thus exhibited, must have felt themselves to be contending both for civil justice and for Nicene orthodoxy 3.
It would be hardly less superfluous to disclaim any expecta- tion of doing justice in a few pages to so broad and lofty a theme. Kaye on the Council of Nicjea, p. This is irreconcileable with the date in the Festal Index, June In the Lent ofthe Alexandrian churches were so crowded that some persons suffered severely, agaiinst the people urged Athanasius to allow the Easter services to be held in a large church which was still unfinished, called the Cassarean.
So ended the conspiracy, for a time, at the close of A name- 1 Bright, Hist. About this time he showed in two remarkable acts, on the one hand, his supe- riority to mere technical formalism, and, on the other, his zeal to borrow Mr. Then came news which touched Athanasius more closely. The Arians availed themselves of certain texts as objections, argued keenly and plausibly from them, and would not be driven from them.
Valens and Ursacius, having now recanted their recantation, were ready to form new plots ; and Liberius, the new bishop of Rome, was plied with letters against him, which were outweighed, in the judgment of a Roman synod, by an encyclic of eighty Egyptian prelates ; and Rome remained faithful to his cause 2. Con- trast this with the Anomcean view, Soc. He repeatedly expresses a wish to win Arians to a better mind, e. On their return, their vessel put in for necessaries at a port in the Red Sea.
Thus, though Arius be dead, and many of his party have succeeded him, yet those who think with him, as being known from Arius, are called Arians. Related Posts.
Four Orations Against the Arians
Chapter 1. Reason for writing; certain personsindifferent about Arianism; Ariansnot Christians, because sectaries always take the name of their founder. Of all other heresies which have departed from the truth it is acknowledged that they have but devised a madness , and their irreligiousness has long since become notorious to all men. For that their authors went out from us, it plainly follows, as the blessed John has written, that they never thought nor now think with us.
Athanasius of Alexandria
Discourse I. Reason for writing; certain persons indifferent about Arianism; Arians not Christians, because sectaries always take the name of their founder. This is almost a technical word, and has occurred again and again already, as descriptive of heretical teaching in opposition to the received traditionary doctrine. It is also found passim in other writers.