EMF of the layout or data view. Once the EMF file has been created, ArcMap sends it to the printer engine or export driver selected for the conversion to the final output. Note: It is highly recommended to use ArcGIS Pro for printing and exporting, especially when experiencing issues caused by the limitations of the ArcMap display engine. For example, transparency is natively supported in ArcGIS Pro, preventing the rasterization of layers.
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Other ways to publish and share maps Once you have created your map, you have a number of choices for sharing it. This topic provides details of the various map export options, along with a brief overview of other ways to share your maps with others.
Sometimes the term export can mean exporting individual map layers to other data formats. That type of export is referred to as exporting data. For more information on exporting data, see the topics referenced below: Learn more about exporting features as geographic data Map export formats You can export maps to several industry-standard file formats. These are raster graphics file formats. The 10 supported export formats are listed below. They are useful for embedding in Windows documents because the vector portions of the EMF can be resized without loss of quality.
However, since EMF does not support font embedding and is exclusively a Windows format, it is not commonly used as an interchange format between users. PostScript is the publishing industry standard for high-end graphics files, cartography, and printing.
EPS files can be edited in many drawing applications or placed as a graphic in most page layout applications. EPS files exported from ArcMap support embedding of fonts so that users who do not have Esri fonts installed can still view the proper symbology.
AI Adobe Illustrator AI files are an excellent format for postprocessing in Adobe Illustrator as well as an interchange format for publishing. However, the Adobe Illustrator file format that ArcMap writes does not support font embedding, so users that do not have the Esri fonts installed may not be able to view AI files with the proper symbology.
They are commonly used for distributing documents on the web, and the format is now an official ISO standard for document interchange. ArcMap PDFs are editable in many graphics applications and retain map georeference information, annotation, labeling, and feature attribute data.
PDF exports from ArcMap support embedding of fonts and thus can display symbology correctly even if the user does not have Esri fonts installed.
SVG can contain both vector and raster information. ArcMap can also produce compressed SVG files. They support bit color and have been a popular choice for use on the web because JPEG file size is often substantially smaller than many other image formats. However, the JPEG compression algorithm is lossy and is not recommended for most map images, as line drawings and text or iconic graphics become blurred by compression artifacts.
Thus, PNG is usually a superior format for map images. JPEGs exported from the data view in ArcMap can be generated with an accompanying world file for use as georeferenced raster data. It supports bit color and uses a lossless compression. For maps, PNG is often the best raster format, since the lossless compression keeps text and line work legible by preventing the compression artifacts that can occur in JPEG format.
PNG files also have the ability to define a transparent color; part of the image can be displayed as transparent in a web browser, allowing backgrounds, images, or colors to show through. PNGs exported from the data view in ArcMap can be generated with an accompanying world file for use as georeferenced raster data. However, they cannot be natively viewed by a web browser. GIFs cannot contain more than colors 8 bits per pixel , which, along with optional lossless RLE or LZW compression, makes them smaller than other file formats.
GIFs exported from data view in ArcMap can be generated with an accompanying world file for use as georeferenced raster data. Map export formats Configuring map export The ArcMap Export Map dialog box allows you to control the settings used to create the export file. In most cases, using the default values should produce a usable file, but you can set options for each export format to create output for specific requirements.
Resolution This specifies the output resolution or dpi dots per inch in the output image. Higher values usually produce sharper images. However, this can also substantially increase the file size and processing time. For vector export formats, the default resolution is dpi.
For image export formats, the default resolution is 96 dpi. Output Image Quality For vector export formats, you can control output image quality to help balance image quality with file size and processing time. The default output image quality setting is Best Output Image Quality controls the amount of raster resampling.
If your map does not contain raster data or vector layers with transparency, setting the output image quality will not impact the output quality of your map. The Output Image Quality control determines the effective resolution of raster content on output. For instance, if the output image quality ratio is set to and the output resolution is set to dpi, the raster content will be output at approximately dpi.
When Output Image Quality is set to Fast, the preview image is highly pixelated. When the Output Image Quality slider is set to Best i. By default, Output Image Quality is set to Normal. When Output Image Quality is set to Best, the image is of much higher quality. You may need to experiment by exporting or printing a small map at several Output Image Quality settings to determine the best setting for your map contents.
You can create a small map containing samples of the data and other map elements that you intend to include in your maps. Output the sample map at various settings. Experiment to find a dpi and suitable quality mode that produces high-quality output with minimal processing time.
The option to rasterize marker symbols is also available. The Convert Markers To Polygons option controls whether marker symbols that are based on font characters will be exported as text or as polygons. Check this option if you plan to view the output on a machine that does not have the appropriate fonts installed, but you cannot embed the fonts due to licensing or file format restrictions AI cannot embed fonts.
Note that having this option enabled effectively disables the Embed All Document Fonts option for font-based marker symbols in formats that support embedding. PDF-specific options Destination Colorspace controls the color space in which colors are specified in the output file. RGB is the default and is appropriate for on-screen viewing and printing to inkjet or laser printers.
CMYK mode is intended for professional print production, when your output will be sent to a print shop. If you want to compress the vector portions of your PDF to produce a smaller output file, check the Compress Vector Graphics option.
Adaptive mode produces the smallest file size but may produce compression artifacts on the export image. For lossless compression of raster images in the PDF, use Deflate mode. The Embed All Document Fonts option allows you to include the fonts that are used within the document itself. This is the default and should usually be used. Note that some fonts do not support embedding and will not embed even when this option is enabled.
The PDF format has an additional Advanced tab. Choose the None option if you do not want the layers in your ArcMap table of contents to be created as separate layers in the exported PDF. If possible, limit exported fields to one layer per map. To suppress field export, turn off field visibility on the Layer Properties dialog box.
When Data Driven Pages is enabled in your map document and ArcMap is set to layout view, the Pages tab provides access to the options that control Data Driven Pages export. Level 3 is the most recent release, but some older PostScript interpreters may not be able to read files created using this version. There is an Image Compression option for compressing raster portions of the EPS; to do this, click a scheme from the drop-down list.
The Embed All Document Fonts option allows users to include the fonts that are used within the document itself. Note that some fonts do not support embedding and will not embed even when this option is checked. The EPS format has an additional Advanced tab. These options should only be used when exporting PostScript specifically for producing film or similar options. The Compression option sets the compression method used to encode the image. Some image viewing programs may not support all compression types supported by an image format, so if you experience problems opening the exported image file, changing compression types can sometimes eliminate the problem.
The Background Color option sets the color used as the background in the exported image. ArcMap does not support progressive rasters, so you should uncheck this option if the exported raster data will be used in ArcMap. They have a Transparent Color option, which selects the color in the map that will be marked as transparent.
If you want to make only the background of the map image transparent, set Background Color and Transparent Color to the same color. To add georeferencing information, check Write World File. This option is only available when you export while in data view and creates a world file that contains information that is used in conjunction with the exported raster file to tell software where the image is located in the world. This option is only available when you export while in data view.
Troubleshooting map export Rasterization Layer transparency and BMP-based picture symbols can cause maps to become rasterized when output. The effect of rasterization is that all layers below the data layer containing transparency or BMP picture symbols will be converted to a flat raster image in the export or print spool file.
Rasterization can also occur to any layer contained in the same group layer as a transparent layer. To avoid rasterization, BMP picture symbols should be replaced with vector-only EMF pictures or with font based character marker symbols. Eliminating unnecessary use of layer transparency can also help alleviate unwanted layer rasterization.
Detect rasterizing layersExecute this arcpy. If you notice that the file size of the exported PDF appears unusually large, verify that Compress Vector Graphics is checked and that Image Compression is set to Adaptive.
If you notice that certain features in the exported file render with text characters instead of graphic symbols, the Esri fonts may be missing from that machine. Other ways to publish and share maps Exporting your map to a graphics file is not the only way to share your work. ArcGIS provides other mechanisms that allow you to benefit from server and online technologies to share a map and, in some cases, the geographic data behind it. Map packages You can save a map along with its data using a map package, which can be used to share your map and its related data with other users.
Learn more about creating and sharing a map package Map services After authoring your map, you can publish it as an ArcGIS for Server map service. Related topics.
Exporting your map
However, since EMF does not support font embedding and is exclusively a Windows format, it is not commonly used as an interchange format between users. PostScript is the publishing industry standard for high-end graphics files, cartography, and printing. EPS files can be edited in many drawing applications or placed as a graphic in most page layout applications. GIFs cannot contain more than colors 8 bits per pixel , which, along with optional lossless RLE or LZW compression, makes them smaller than other file formats. GIFs can be generated with an accompanying world file for use as georeferenced raster data. They support bit color and have been a popular choice for use on the web because JPEG file size is often substantially smaller than many other image formats. However, the JPEG compression algorithm is lossy and is not recommended for many map images, as line drawings and text or iconic graphics become blurred by compression artifacts.
Bug: Exporting a layer with a comma causes ArcMap to crash
Introduction to exporting a map or layout
My coworker can export like this just fine using the same mxd, but I get a white background and a PDF file size that suggests an export with no imagery on it. Set the critical labels to high so that they will be displayed. Also, take a look at task manager while the running the export. Thanks for your input though!
Problem: ArcMap crashes or disappears when the Export Map dialog box is opened