Old headphones Step 1: Breadboard the Circuit As always, breadboard your circuit before soldering any components together. If it works on the breadboard and not in the soldered circuit, you will know that the problem is with your soldering and not a broken chip. The LM datasheet has some useful example circuits for creating amplifiers. We will be making the simplest one, the 20 gain amplifier. The chip diagrams can be a little confusing. The triangle represents the 8 pin LM chip at the center of out circuit.
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Old headphones Step 1: Breadboard the Circuit As always, breadboard your circuit before soldering any components together. If it works on the breadboard and not in the soldered circuit, you will know that the problem is with your soldering and not a broken chip. The LM datasheet has some useful example circuits for creating amplifiers.
We will be making the simplest one, the 20 gain amplifier. The chip diagrams can be a little confusing. The triangle represents the 8 pin LM chip at the center of out circuit.
The pins are numbered around the chip 1 to 8, as shown. Use the corresponding pin numbers in the circuit at chip diagrams as a guide when wiring your circuit.
We will have to alter the capacitor values to the nearest standard values. Use a. In the breadboard layout shown here, the battery pack represents one 9 volt battery.
I used a tiny speaker for a compact board layout. You can use any size speaker rated at 8 ohms. Step 2: Solder Place your components on the perfboard and bend the component leads to map out the circuit. Take care to leave enough room on your board for a 9 volt battery and speaker. If you use a larger speaker, you can just tape the tiny amp circuit onto the back. Step 3: Applications You can use this circuit in any project where you need to amplify sound.
You can use it as a headphone preamp, a portable guitar amp, an miniature MP3 player speaker, or even a synthetic robot voice box using the Speakjet. If you are going to house your amplifier in a tin, be sure to use electrical tape or heavy card stock to insulate the circuit from the metal bottom.
The enclosure makes all the difference! This speaker is for listening to audio books on long trips. You can even fit your favorite MP3 player right inside with the amplifier! I like to use these amps on my bike so I can listen to music without blocking out the noise of approaching cars. Step 4: Printed Circuit I took the liberty of preparing a printed circuit board design for this amplifier. Below you can see what the traces look like once they are etched onto a copper board.
Note that this is not the image to use for laser printing etch masks. I added pin and trace labels in the copper etch to help in assembly. Note that the audio input wire from your headphones will solder directly to the input pin on the potentiometer.
I made the board in Fritzing with maximum trace widths for easy home etching. Step 5: Guitar Amp You can use this simple circuit as a portable guitar amplifier for rocking out on the street or porch. Once the jack is soldered up, any standard guitar and cable can be plugged right in! Be sure to use a large speaker and a sturdy enclosure to get your guitar amp to project well.
Opening an closing the box while playing even changes the bass and treble levels! If you have any questions, feel free to ask them in the comments below or in the forum. For more Mad Science fun, make sure to check out my how-tos for
Portable Tube Headphone Amp This little tube amplifier is easy to build and will fit into a small metal Altoids box and can be carried around. It can be build with few common parts, that should be readily available. It is powered by 12V supply and power consumption may be optimized to allow for small rechargeable battery packs. Explanation of the circuit Basically, this is a grounded cathode voltage amp followed by an opamp buffer. For full understanding ignore the opamp stage and look at the tubed voltage amp. The triode is fixed-biased by the grid-charge current that flows through the 1meg resistor. To explain this: The hot cathode always emits some electrons that have enough energy to fly up to the grid.
Portable Tube Headphone Amp
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