ACCULTURATION MODEL SCHUMANN PDF

Furthermore, he considers the social factors to be the prime influences; the psychological factors come into play and become the deciding factors only in situations where the combined social factors create neither positive nor negative circumstances for the learner. Which outcomes of each of these factors make for a bad learning situation and which ones for a good learning situation? Does the TL group want integration? Enclosure: Does the L2 group share the same social facilities with the L2 learner, or different social facilities less opportunity for contact between groups?

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All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice. At the cultural group level, acculturation involves changes in social structures and institutions and in cultural norms.

Three key issues are examined: how people choose to acculturate, how well they adapt to intercultural living, and whether there are any systematic relationships between how people acculturate and how well they adapt. The most common finding is that pursuing the integration strategy is related to higher levels of well-being. This chapter attends in particular to the health outcomes of acculturation, and seeks to outline the key features of this process that may permit the achievement of positive health and social outcomes following intercultural contact.

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ACCULTURATION MODEL SCHUMANN PDF

All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice. At the cultural group level, acculturation involves changes in social structures and institutions and in cultural norms. Three key issues are examined: how people choose to acculturate, how well they adapt to intercultural living, and whether there are any systematic relationships between how people acculturate and how well they adapt. The most common finding is that pursuing the integration strategy is related to higher levels of well-being. This chapter attends in particular to the health outcomes of acculturation, and seeks to outline the key features of this process that may permit the achievement of positive health and social outcomes following intercultural contact.

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Acculturation Model

What are the components of the social and psychological distances? How are these elements related with naturalistic or untutored second language acquisition? The social and psychological factors influence the acculturation process and the second language learning. According to Schumman the naturalistic or untutored SLA is a by-product of acculturation, which is defined by him as "the social and psychological integration of the learner with the target language TL group.

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Schumann’s Acculturation Model

Psychological distance, on the other hand, deals with affective factors that concern the learner as individual. In order to acculturate and hence to be able to minimize the social and psychological distance, so that a good learning situation a situation which supports a L2 learner to gain success in learning the target language TL — can be reached. Schumann said that socially, a good Learning situation will be present if: 1. The target language TL group and the second language learner L2 group are equal politically, technically and economically 2.

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